Schedule of Lectures and Labs
Lectures are in Scovel Hall Room 116 on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays from 11:00 – 11:50 a.m. Labs will meet in various locations throughout the semester – mostly in labs and classrooms in Scovel Hall.
14-18 January: The Earth’s NRG Balance and the Organization of the Atmosphere and Oceans
Reading: First Chapter in the Paleoclimate Text. Also take a look at a Summary of Climate Change by Spencer Wert from his book and website: The Discovery of Global Warming. This will be a valuable resource.
Laboratory: Lab will meet in Scovel 305 Computer Lab.
Assignments: Take the climate quiz here – take the oceans one this week.(preparation questions)
23 – 25 January: The Energy Balance and the structure of the Ocean-Atmosphere System
Reading: Handouts and Reading 10 in the Readings page.
Laboratory: We will be meeting in Scovel 305 and working with the climate data from the OARDC – we will download the data from Climate Explorer. Go to this site and join it.
Assignments: Learn the Energy Budget handout and we will have a quiz on Wednesday preparation questions).
28 January – 1 February –
Reading: Take a look at the basics of ATM circulation. This video is a good review. Now we need to review the basics of the carbon cycle. We will be confused for a while regarding the carbon cycle we will start with the modern carbon cycle and then later talk about the long-term or tectonic carbon cycle.
Laboratory: We will be inside and build on the lab that you worked on last week. Bring your laptops and spreadsheets. We will learn some statistics and compare the meteorological data to tree-ring data from NE – Ohio.
Assignments: (preparation questions)
4 – 8 February – Radiocarbon and Proxy Records I
Reading:Guilderson and Broecker reading on radiocarbon dating.
Laboratory: We will be going to Apple Creek to sample a house and then on to the OARDC to take a look at the weather station and studies done at the OARDC. So Travel and we leave at 1 pm sharp. Friday and Saturday you will have the option to help out with coring at Browns Lake and other stories at the Bog.
Make sure you watch this – Barn Detectives.
Assignments: (preparation questions); Hand-in research paper topic (project) Friday 8 February.
11 – 15 February – Tree Rings (First Exam on Friday)
Make sure you watch this – Barn Detectives. We will start working on the cores this week.
Reading: This is a great resource and way to begin the discussion of tree-ring principles.
Laboratory: We will field any questions you have about calibrating and combing radiocarbon ages. Then we will start on the cores and sections that will be used to date the barn and possible another house.
Assignments: First Lecture Exam (15 February)(preparation questions) –Click here for the example exam.
28 February – 1 March – Sampling for Recruitment and Cz Climate
Take a look at a previous report the the Wooster Tree Ring Lab generated for the Tschantz Cabin. Take a look at other reports done by the lab at http://cdm15963.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/compoundobject/collection/p15963coll32/id/328 and a You Tube describing the projects can be viewed here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p-_jvOQsJmgRead the Broecker article handed out in class.
Reading: Handout in class (Chapter from Bender book on Paleoclimate) – with this reading we will set the stage for Cz cooling and get up to the Ice Ages.
Lab: Run out to Browns Lake to core trees for updating the oak chronology there and determine recruitment in the bog. It will be warm and it will be muddy – wear boots (we have several pairs) or get muddy.
4 – 8 March – We will continue with discussion of the Ice World
Reading: Bender – Chapter 9, and the few pages handed out in class describing the Tectonic Carbon Cycle written by Wally Broecker in his book “Building a Habitable Planet”.
Laboratory:Contine with tree ring dating of the Tracy House core analysis.
Assignments: 3 March Research paper project rough draft due. 1 March is the Annual Osgood talk – Dr. Rob Thieler (USGS) will be presenting on Contemporary Sea Level Rise (preparation questions)
Osgood Lecture on March 1, 7:30 pm, Lean Lecture Room (required for everyone).
9 – 24 March – Midterm Break
25 – 29 – Let’s see what the glacial/interglacial transition looks like in the lake core.
Reading: Chapter 2 in What Drives Glacial Cycles is the Reading – in the readings section – reading 20. Take a look at this video.
Laboratory: We will be in the lab/classroom splitting core.
- Assignments: (preparation questions)
1 – 5 April – Moving into the Holocene with Gerard Bond (Reading 16 – Bond et al. 2001 – a bit dated but an important paper). Exam 2 will be Friday.
- Laboratory: Work on the sediment core – where are we how can we get the analyses down over the next two weeks. Lab will be concerned with exploring some ice core data – bring your computers. Some of the group will also work on the lake core – redo of the mag. susc. 5 April will be when we will get the C-14 ages.
- Assignments: (preparation questions)
- Exam on Friday (5 April)
8 – 12 April – Project draft due Friday (12 April) – Lake cores again.
Lab: back to the lake core – should get the dates mid-week. Dr. Ben Gaglioti will be with us on Friday and we want to show him the core. One of the best websites that will help us along wit the core analyses is the LaCore site from the University of Minnesota. Here is one page that is crucial to the smear slides. Here is their page with links to youtube that show how to make slides. Another team will perform Loss on Ignition – here is a you tube for that – note too that these analyses are also described in the lab manual on the cart and found here (thanks to the University of Cincinnati for this).
- Reading: Bond et al. 2001 – in the readings section. Watch some of the Climate Change hearings in congress that took place last week.
Assignments: A draft of your project is due this coming Friday – it is in your best interest to have it complete as possible, I will give you feedback by Monday and the nit is due in the next two weeks after that. The semester gets busy so you should too. (preparation questions)
15 – 19 April –
I will talk about the exam in class and give an outline. Here is the ppt that we used for the exam review.
Readings: The reading this week is here. It is a youtube video by Jim White the director of the Institute for Arctic and Alpine Research. Listen to it and write down any questions you have.
Below are resources for the lake core project – we will continue to gather data and after the exam – begin to write it up.
Last year we worked on the Cedar Creek Mastodon site found here. Download what is on a Long Lake Project here. We cored Round Lake and the report of this work can be found here. A published study on Browns Lake can be found here and both of these can be used as models to guide your work on the Long Lake core. Here are some of the figures I showed in class – examples of calculating sediment rates and a compiation of radiocarbon dates from Ohio. You can download Katherine Glover’s entire thesis from Ohiolink here.
- ENSO and Climate IndicesReading: Learn and explore about ENSO at NOAA’s ENSO webpages.Laboratory: Tree Ring Lab.
- Recent Climate Change and the IPCC, Contemporary climate change and attribution/ Climate Models and the Future
- Assignments: Second Lecture Exam (14 April) (preparation questions)
22 – 24 April – Trip to Byrd Polar – Monday 17 April. Project due on Friday 21 April
Reading: Read Chapter 5 in Henson – Floods and Droughts Chapter 17; Ruddiman (2005) handed out in class and reading 10 on the readings page – Read this from the Discovery of Global Warming
- Lab: Byrd Polar – we will leave at 11am and return about 4pm. Bring you own lunch.
- Assignments: Final research due project due Friday (21 April) by 4pm (preparation questions)
29 April – 3 May (Friday is the senior IS symposium)
Modeling and Pushing the Browns Lake Projects forward
Reading: Read this document on ENSO from the WMO. Read this from the IPCC and pay close attention to the forcing diagram – Figure SPM.5.
- Laboratory: 24 April – project presentations 8 minutes with 2 minutes of questioning. Upload your presentations to the dropbox folder labeled Presentations.
- Assignments: (preparation questions)
- Final Exam (Monday 6 May at 9 AM in Scovel 116)